What is an internet browser?

Qu'Est Ce Qu'Un Navigateur Internet ?

Definition of an internet browser

An internet browser is software program that is a graphical interface between a human being and the internet: it lets you seek the advice of web sites.

The net browser connects to web sites, downloads the weather of the net web page (texts, photographs, sounds, movies, and many others.) and shows them on the display screen. Thanks to webmail, the browser additionally permits the consumer to seek the advice of, handle, ship and obtain his email correspondence. As a part of SaaS software program, it is now even potential to run software program via your browser.

There are many net browsers (Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, Opera and many others…) for the totally different working methods (Windows, linux, macOS, iOS, android), on varied digital media (computer systems, smartphones, tablets, sport consoles, and many others.).

Particularity of net browsers: these are software program which are free! All it’s a must to do is go to the browser’s web site (the hyperlinks are a bit additional down on this article) then obtain it, set up it and you need to use it without cost.

A short historical past of internet browsers

Web browsers have after all advanced loads because the creation of the net.

The first browser was created by the inventor of the net in 1990, Tim Berners-Leehis identify is World Wide Web.

In 1993, NCSA Mosaic turns into the primary browser to show footage and interactive kinds in net pages.

1995 marked a milestone within the historical past of net browsers with the discharge of Internet Explorer 1 via Microsoft and sees the dominion of Netscape Navigator created by Marc Andreessen, a former developer of Mosaic.
The French time period of navigator is furthermore impressed by NetscapeNavigator.

From the 2000s, Internet Explorer turns into essentially the most used net browser because of its default set up on working methods Windows (working methods most utilized by most people and companies) on the expense of Netscape Navigator. Even right this moment, Microsoft tries to impose its browser (Microsoft Edge) on Windows 10 customers. But it is comparatively easy to change the default browser of Windows 10. exploit to set Edge again as default browser.

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The rise of Mozilla Firefox within the second half of the 2000s and the event of Google Chrome within the early 2010s will trigger the lack of Internet Explorer its title as essentially the most used internet browser.

The foremost internet browsers

Web browsers have advanced loads since their beginnings, each by way of the interface and their functionalities. Here is a non-exhaustive listing of the principle browsers used on computer systems, smartphones and tablets.

Google Chrome

Google Chrome Logo

Web browser developed by Google since 2008, it is at present essentially the most used browser on the earth following an progressive coverage (everlasting replace facilitating particularly the safety of the browser), its efficiency and its use on virtually all platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Android and iOS). One of Google’s flagship merchandise, it is now essentially the most used browser on the earth.

Google Chrome official site

Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Firefox Logo

Mozilla Firefox was briefly essentially the most used browser in Europe within the early 2010s forward of Internet Explorer.

It is current on the principle working methods (LINUX/UNIX, Mac OSX, Android), on smartphones and tablets android ; he is at present absent below iOS and Windows-Mobile.

Mozilla Firefox is an internet browser Open Sourcefree and free, respectful of privateness.

Mozilla Firefox official site

Microsoft Internet Explorer


Internet Explorer is the internet browser developed by Microsoft and put in by default by Windows.

Most used browser for a very long time since late 90s to early 2010s, Internet Explorer noticed its market share collapse in favor of firefox and of Chromium.

It suffers from a foul repute due particularly to its non-compliance with net requirements for a very long time (Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7 particularly had been the nightmare of net builders) and its safety flaws. This net browser is set to vanish with the launch of Microsoft Edge, the newest browser launched by Microsoft.

Internet Explorer Browser Official Site

Apple Safari

Apple Safari Logo

Web browser developed by Apple to compete Internet Explorer. It is put in by default on macOS X similar to on iOS (iPad, iPhone) nevertheless it is additionally out there for Windows. Some swear by it, others hate it, like Apple merchandise usually!

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Safari Browser Official Site


Opera Logo

Opera is a browser developed by the Norwegian firm Opera Software because the 90s.

However, it is not extensively used (lower than 10% market share of browsers) in comparison with the tenors which are Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer Where Apple Safari nevertheless it is current on most platforms (Windows, linux, macOSsmartphones and tablets android and iOS but additionally on sport consoles Nintendo DS, Nintendo Wii or Nintendo WiiU).

Opera Browser Official Site

Microsoft Edge

Microsoft Edge Logo

Microsoft Edge is the newest browser from Microsoft led to switch Internet Explorer within the years to return.

Launched in January 2015, it was initially known as Spartan and it goals to be a common utility engaged on PC, pill and smartphone.

Microsoft Edge Browser Official Site

Which internet browser ought to I select for my pc?

My alternative for browsing the online from a pc: Mozilla Firefox

Why Mozilla Firefox?

I exploit Firefox as a result of it is a browser Open Source, free and free, developed by hundreds of volunteers. He is respectful of privateness (which is typically criticized for Google Chrome and Google extra usually) and it is a browser that has lengthy revered net requirements.

There are many modules/extensions for Firefox like AdBlock (advert blocker) or Firebug (HTML/CSS/Javascript code editor/debugger) which is important for any integrator or net developer.

Which internet browser ought to I select for my Android smartphone or my iPhone?

My alternative for browsing the online from a smartphone: Opera Mini

Why Opera Mini?

Opera Mini is a safe browser, respectful of your private information and highly effective to your smartphone.

Its greatest benefit: it consumes little cellular information (which is notably fascinating when touring overseas).
Indeed, Opera Mini can enable tosave as much as 90% of knowledge consumed because of the compression of photographs by the net browser!

Why cannot I entry an internet site with my browser?

Sometimes you may’t entry an internet site (particularly one internet hosting movies like Youtube, netflix and even social networks like Facebook Where Twitter).

Why ?

Site blocking might be brought on by the need of the pc administrator (within the case of an organization or inside a faculty, it is not unusual for sure web sites to be blocked). It will also be by the location writer (case of sure movies which may solely be seen from sure nations primarily based on the IP deal with of the pc). Last case: blocking of a web site by the authorities (case of China, for instance, which notably blocks entry to Google and lots of Western websites).

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As the web site above exhibits, there are numerous strategies and methods to unblock an internet site: use a VPN, a proxy or TOR!

Some extra articles on browsers and their use

We use a browser each day to surf the net, so right here is a listing of some tutorials from the Computer Tips and Help web site that intention to make your life simpler when utilizing your browser.


What is an internet browser?

An online browser is software program that lets you view net pages. It reads the HTML, CSS and JavaScript codes of an internet web page and interprets them right into a graphical interface usable by the consumer.

What are the preferred net browsers?

The hottest internet browsers are Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge and Apple Safari.

What are the advantages of every net browser?

  • Google Chrome is recognized for its web page loading velocity and its compatibility with the newest net applied sciences.
  • Mozilla Firefox is an open-source browser that is typically used for its privateness and safety.
  • Microsoft Edge is a browser that comes with Windows and provides good integration with different Microsoft apps.
  • Apple Safari is a browser that ships with Apple merchandise and is optimized for efficiency on these units.

How do I select the internet browser finest suited to my wants?

Choosing an internet browser is determined by your private preferences and your efficiency, privateness and safety wants. It is really useful that you simply check a number of browsers to find out which one most closely fits your wants.

How do I replace my net browser?

Most internet browsers have an computerized replace operate, nevertheless it is additionally potential to manually test for updates by going to the browser’s settings or preferences. It is vital to maintain your browser updated to profit from the newest options and safety patches.

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