Uniform Cost Search: Definition, Functions and Strengths


What is Uniform Cost Search?

Uniform price search is a search tree algorithm that’s used to resolve a number of issues. This algorithm performs a search from the basis till then proceed to different nodes.

Uniform price search can be understood as an informationless search algorithm that makes use of the bottom cumulative finances in trying to find the trail from the supply node to the vacation spot node.

Uniform price search works with the brute pressure methodology with out taking into consideration the state of the nodes or the search area. Usually this algorithm could be carried out utilizing a precedence queue, the place the primary focus is on reducing the working finances.

Uniform price search can be referred to as a variant of Dijkstra’s algorithm. Instead of inputting all nodes into the precedence queue, inserting solely the supply nodes, then inputting them one after the other when wanted.

Uniform Cost Search operate

In its utility, the uniform price search algorithm includes all nodes associated to the basis node, and positions them within the precedence queue to succeed in the vacation spot node. The chosen nodes are the nodes with the smallest worth.

Uniform price search can be utilized to resolve a number of issues. The uniform price search algorithm can decide which node will probably be expanded and the sequence of the following node to be expanded by way of a operate g(n).

The g(n) operate is a operate that represents the price of the E-node or growth node and different nodes. In addition to working the operate of the BFS algorithm, uniform price search may also broaden the node with the smallest path worth.

READ :  Are SSDs more reliable than hard drives? A study says yes

This could be finished by making a queue for current successors primarily based on their path values ​​or nodes saved within the precedence queue.

benefits and disadvantages

The uniform price search algorithm has benefits and disadvantages, the next are a few of them.

Pros of Uniform Cost Search

Following are some great benefits of uniform price search.

  • Helps in figuring out the route with the bottom cumulative price in a weighted graph the place the trail has a special price from the basis node to the vacation spot node.
  • The uniform price search algorithm is taken into account because the optimum resolution to the issue as a result of in each state of affairs, the trail adopted is the trail with the shortest route.

Disadvantages of Uniform Cost Search

Besides the benefits, uniform price search additionally has disadvantages. Here are a few of them.

  • Requires a big sufficient space for storing as a result of the extra nodes, the storage measurement will increase exponentially.
  • The algorithm can get caught in an infinite loop as a result of it wants to think about each attainable path from the basis node to the vacation spot node.
  • The major focus within the precedence queue must be maintained in order that the open record should stay in a state of order.
READ :  OPPO announces the Reno8 and Reno8 Pro for the global market

How Uniform Cost Search Works

Next is how the uniform price search algorithm works. First enter the basis node into the precedence queue. Second, repeat the next steps when the queue queue will not be crammed.

  • Remove the ingredient with the best precedence.
  • If there’s a deleted node then it’s the vacation spot node, then print the price and cease the algorithm.
  • Otherwise, enqueue all present nodes to the precedence queue with their complete price from root as precedence.

The root node or node is the preliminary node for the search path, and the precedence queue is maintained to stay on the trail with the bottom finances in order that it may be chosen on the following traversal. If there are two paths which have the identical traversal price, the nodes are sorted alphabetically.

The time complexity system within the uniform price search algorithm is as follows.

O(b(1 + C / ε))


b : branching issue
C : optimum price
ε : price per step

To make it simpler to know the uniform price search operation, the next is an instance of the algorithm operating.

Below is a weighted graph that may be searched on the lowest price utilizing the uniform price search algorithm.

Graph 1
Graph 1

The first step, as a consumer can enter the basis node or supply node to the queue queue.

Graph 2
Graph 2

Next, add a toddler node that has a easy root into the precedence queue with the cumulative distance because the precedence, as proven beneath.

READ :  Microsoft and the Outlook login error

Graph 3
Graph 3

knot A has a minimal distance in order that it may be extracted from the record. This is as a result of A will not be a vacation spot node however a toddler node added to the precedence queue.

Graph 4
Graph 4

Then, deep B has most precedence so its baby nodes are added to the queue.

Graph 5
Graph 5

Then, on G could be eliminated and its descendants will probably be added to the queue.

Graph 6
Graph 6

Next on C And I have the identical spacing, so customers can delete alphabetically. As for the steps in deleting the alphabet.

User can delete IHowever I it has no baby nodes anymore so there are not any updates within the queue.

After that, the consumer can delete the node D. knot D solely have one baby E with a cumulative distance of 10. However, E it is already within the queue with a smaller distance so the consumer cannot add it again.

Furthermore, the minimal distance is owned by Edue to this fact the node could be omitted.

Graph 7
Graph 7

The subsequent minimal charge is Fin order that it may be eliminated and its derivatives ie J could be added.

Graph 8
Graph 8

Then, the following minimal charge is Hin order that H could be omitted however has no baby nodes so as to add.

Graph 9
Graph 9

The final step, the consumer can get rid of the vacation spot node and then proceed to test whether or not the node is a goal or not, and the consumer may also cease the algorithm at this step.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *