Faced with the success of AI, specifically with ChatGPT, the CNIL introduced the creation of an artificial intelligence service (SIA) meant to oversee the use of this expertise and to reply to the issues it raises.
Artificial intelligence is presently experiencing unbelievable technological advances. It is sufficient to see the success of ChatGPT and the upheavals it produces to perceive that this revolution will concern completely all sectors. But with more and more subtle instruments and software program, it’s regular to fear about doable issues, each moral and technical, that the generalization of artificial intelligence might trigger. Especially since its operation is usually based mostly on machine studying, and due to this fact on the processing of a great amount of knowledge, together with private knowledge, and that their exploitation entails dangers for privateness and different elementary rights.
Faced with its new issues, the National Commission for Computing and Liberties (CNIL) has determined not to watch for the European Union to lastly agree on the amendments to be made to the Artificial Intelligence Act, meant to regulate the use of artificial intelligence in Europe, to tackle the points that the topic entails. This is why she introduced in a statementon January 23, 2023, the creation of an artificial intelligence service (SIA) which may have to attempt to reply the varied questions and above all to body the use of AI in the future.
SIA: defending privateness and regulating the makes use of of AI
The creation of the SIA follows the proposal of the Council of State in August 2022 to make the CNIL the regulator of artificial intelligence, a problem on which it has been working since 2017. Its purpose: “strengthen the CNIL’s expertise on these systems and its understanding of the risks to privacy while preparing for the entry of the European regulation on AI”. It can be a method to have a look at the transparency and understanding of a expertise “very often perceived as a black box” so as to guarantee a balanced regulation and to permit the actors of the sector and the CNIL to management the dangers for the personal life.
Just have a look at the questions raised by picture turbines, accused of infringing copyright by coaching and “copying” artists’ photos which might be on the Internet and usually are not freed from rights. Speaking of copyright, who owns the created picture, the AI or the consumer? And that is with out relying on the transparency of utilizing such a device, whether or not for textual content, illustration or anything. How are you aware if it was produced by a human or by an artificial intelligence and, in that case, what worth ought to be given to it? The new Commission service may have its work lower out for it!
The SIA is presently made up of specialised attorneys and engineers, for a complete of 5 folks straight hooked up to the CNIL’s expertise and innovation division, beneath the management of Bertrand Pailhes, a former nationwide coordinator for the artificial intelligence inside the DINSIC (Interministerial Directorate for Digital and State IS). The CNIL has already launched work on machine studying databases to present suggestions and concrete solutions to professionals and to give them a framework for analyzing the rules on the safety of private knowledge so as to assure the safety of these of the customers.