How to fix TypeError: a bytes-like object is required, not ‘str’ in Python

How To Fix Typeerror: A Bytes-Like Object Is Required, Not ‘Str’ In Python

Python is a extensively used programming language immediately. Although it is all the time up to date and patched, it is not with out errors. Lots of people provide you with good concepts for issues however then fail to hyperlink their options to resolve them. Thus, in this text we are going to present the most effective reply amongst some linked strategies. Let’s discover an fascinating matter immediately, it is “How to fix TypeError: a bytes-like object is required, not ‘str’” in Python.

What causes error?

TypeError is a pretty frequent error in Python. The error often happens as a result of the info kind is not matching the python model you’re utilizing. Here are some causes:

  • Object-related operations are not supported
  • Attempting to manipulate an object has failed
  • Repeating an identifier does not enable repetition.

And in this case, if you get the error message “TypeError: a bytes-like object is required, not ‘str’“, it is brought on since you are setting a worth for a perform that does not match the info kind it obtained. In explicit, your perform solely accepts byte values as an alternative of strings.

How to fix TypeError: a bytes-like object is required, not ‘str’ in Python

Here we are going to introduce you to some approaches to give you the chance to resolve the above error rapidly. Follow alongside and select the tactic that works finest for you.

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Method 1: Use textual content studying mode when opening information.

Simply put, python 2 will settle for information in binary, nevertheless python 3 solely accepts information in textual content. So the fast approach to deal with the error is to change the file opening mode by altering wb to w, like under:

Before: outfile=open('./immates.csv','wb')

After: outfile=open('./immates.csv','w')

Method 2: Convert all to binary

Contrary to the above method, with this methodology you’ll be able to work round by changing all of them to binary, like this:

<font fashion="vertical-align: inherit;"><font fashion="vertical-align: inherit;">if b'captain America 'in singleLine:</font></font>

Thus, all information has agreed on one kind, error is dealt with.

Method 3: Using decode() or Encode() perform

With the method from decode(), you’ll decode the traces in this system in order that python can learn it. Examples are as follows:

# Import gzip module
import gzip
# initialize line_count variable 
total_lines=0
# Open file with gzip module
with gzip.open('myfile.sql.gz', 'rb') as fin:
        for line in fin:
            if (total_lines == 0):
                total_lines+=1
            else:
                number_columns = line.decode('utf8').strip('n').cut up('t')
                print('Print File Rows: ',number_columns);

Besides, you can too resolve the error with encode(). The perform encodes an object to the desired object, in this case a Byte object. For instance:

with open('file.txt', 'rb') as f:
    traces = [x.strip() for x in f.readlines()]
for line in traces:
    tmp = line.strip()
    split_line = tmp.cut up('-'.encode())
    if 'Samsung Galaxy S21 ' in str(split_line[0]):
        print("Price = ", split_line[1])

Conclusion

Thus, UnliHow has solved for you the questions ” How to fix TypeError: a bytes-like object is required, not ‘str’” in Python“. If you’ve any feedback, please contact us instantly for solutions. Thanks for studying!

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